Software companies have revolutionized their hiring procedures and techniques over the years to reflect different times. Most have turned to interview clouds such as Karat to get the best hires in the market after a thorough assessment.
What is Karat? Karat is an interviewing cloud company that conducts interviews on behalf of several companies globally. It has a network of experienced engineers who consistently interview potential hires using a set of questions and formats that meet the required standards.
We have researched and come up with some of the questions you should expect on your next Karat Interview. Take a look at the following:
1. What Would You Like To Obtain From This Position?
I would love to gain more experience and skills in this position. I look forward to learning more from your highly experienced software engineers and sharing what I have learned with them. I believe that such knowledge exchange will prepare me for more challenging projects. I also intend to use this position as a stepping stone to management, which I have wanted to try for some time. I am ready to acquire and sharpen the right management skills to make my dream a reality.
2. Have You Ever Had To Disagree With A Team Member’s Approach?
Agreements can be common when working in team settings, given the differences in preferred methodologies, ideas, and approaches. I have therefore disagreed with my team members several times, even though I don’t usually let such experiences ruin the entire teamwork experience. I once held my ground. I once held my ground as the group leader. I instructed that we apply agile methodologies when working on a software project, going against some of the influential team members’ proposals of using traditional software development methodologies.
3. What Does The Software Development Process Entail?
The software development process, also known as the software development life cycle, consists of eight stages. At the beginning is the requirement analysis stage, where developers get a hold and understand different requirements, then specification and software architecture, where the main work begins. Other stages include implementation, testing, documentation, and finally, after everything is done, training, support, and maintenance follow.
4. Have You Ever Had To Resolve A Conflict?
Yes. I have been a team leader severally and therefore had to resolve several conflicts. Based on my experiences, I have discovered that the best way of dealing with conflicts is by first understanding their root causes and working from there. Most misunderstandings are usually caused by miscommunication. Diagnosing the cause of the conflict helps develop the best ways of handling it, ensuring that both parties are relieved at the end of the day. I also have conflict-handling skills that I would love to share with this organization.
5. What Do You Understand By The Software Scope?
The software scope collects all the activities required to develop and deliver a given software product. It also entails all the artifacts and functionalities included in the software and identifies the project estimation. The scope generally answers questions like what the project is meant to do and the things that do not form part of the project. It thus comes in handy in estimating different aspects of a software product, done by experts or pre-defined formulas.
6. What Can You Tell Us About Feasibility Studies?
A feasibility study is usually done to highlight the practicality of software development and its benefits to the organization. The study, done by an analyzer, focuses on the project’s technical, operational, and economic feasibility. Technical feasibility targets all the technical aspects of a given software project, answering the possibility of its development. It, therefore, assesses whether the machines and OS used to develop and execute the project are suitable. It also delves deeper into the suitability of the tools needed for the project. Economic feasibility studies cover the training, additional and estimated costs, and benefits of the project. In contrast, operational feasibility studies are done to determine the capability of an organization to adjust to the changes that the project demands smoothly.
7. Can You Mention The Main Differences Between Object, Aspect, And Interface-Oriented Programming?
The difference between these three programming methods lies in their purposes and ways of implementation. Object programming is usually contract-based, while object-oriented programming writes granular objects with single purposes. On the other hand, interface-oriented programming segregates code so that the main tasks carry various objects and independent objects carry subsidiary tasks.
8. Have You Ever Been Part Of An Agile Software Development Process?
Yes. I have worked in companies that follow Agile methodologies in software development that ensure faster delivery in team settings, superior quality and predictability and lastly, better change response. From experience, I would rather settle for Agile software development than the traditional means of developing software. I love working on projects that generate requirements and solutions via collaboration between cross-functional and self-organizing teams.
9. Can You Differentiate Between Responsive, Fixed And Fluid Website Design?
Responsive web designing involves building websites using media queries that target breakpoints to wrap texts, scale images and adjust layouts allowing the website to fit any screen size. Such websites can be used on desktops and mobile phones. On the other hand, fluid website design relies on percentages as their relative width indicators. Lastly, fixed website design uses fixed pixel widths, thus producing websites with less user-friendliness among different devices.
10. How Do You Normally Test And Find Bugs In Applications?
The best way to test and find bugs in an application is through software testing, which is one of the most important parts of software development. I normally create tests and assessments at different development stages for continuous testing. It helps to address different changes such as invisible errors and platform updates. Testing offers a detailed view of the entire application, allowing me to identify high-risk areas. Afterward, I conduct a series of functionality tests and record all defects, prioritizing their fixing based on severity and impact.
11. What Do You Understand By A Stack?
A stack is a data structure that performs three operations, push, pop and peek, even though the last one is not as common. In push operations, elements are inserted at the top while the latest element added to the stack is removed for pop operations. The last operation, peek, allows the viewing of an element in a stack without performing any necessary modification. Generally, the last element added to the stack is the first to be removed owing to its first-in, first-out structure. Lastly, stacks are implemented with a linked or array list.
12. As A Software Engineer, Which Technique Do You Usually Use To Find The Best SDLC Model?
The right SDLC model to use when building a given software depends on the requirements of the development process. In choosing the right one. I normally consider several factors. First, the model must meet the requirements and priorities of the clients. It should also be suitable for the developers in different geographical locations and the type of engineering projects done by the company. Other considerations include the size and complexity of the software being developed.
13. Differentiate Between White Box And Black-Box Testing
White box testing is often more detailed than Black-Box as it assesses the desired, valid outputs whenever valid inputs are provided and verifies the correct code implementation. On the other hand, black-box testing only concerns itself with the desired outputs and not the code implementation. Therefore, white-box testing calls for the knowledge of the software programs, design and implementation necessities. Given its complexity, white box testing must be done by a software developer while a software testing employee does black-box testing. Lastly, the baseline reference for the tester in Black-Box testing is the requirement specifications, while white-box testing is the design, structure, and details.
14. Mention The Different Types Of Software Maintenances
There are four types of software maintenance- preventive, perfective, corrective and adaptive. As the names imply, preventive maintenance is usually done by taking the right measures aimed at future problems, while corrective maintenance removes any error spotted by a user. On the other hand, perfective maintenance implements changes in existing or new user requirements, while adaptive maintenance handles any changes in the software or hardware environment inhabited by a given software.
15. Describe Your Teamwork Experience
I have been part of several teams in my career and had experiences that taught me how to blend in well in different settings. I have been in agile and traditional software development teams, which have different ways of handling scope and product development. Even though I have enjoyed most of my experiences in agile teams, I have also learned valuable lessons from the teams depending on traditional software development approaches. I am confident that I will fit in here, given a chance.
16. Have You Ever Failed To Reach Your Goals?
At one point, I intended to be the best employee of the month at my workplace and therefore put in all the required effort. However, I had to take a One-Week leave to attend to an emergency that set me behind. However, I wasn’t demotivated since I knew it wasn’t within my power. I worked hard the next month, collaborating with my colleagues and independently till I clinched the position. I normally believe that we can all achieve anything we set out to do, which explains why I always work hard.
17. Do You Have Any Experience Attending Craft Conferences?
Yes. I have attended several craft conferences in my career, which have come in handy in my professional development. I recently attended one in Miami, where we had talk sessions, workshops and a hackathon. I learned about some of the latest software tools, best practices, and methods. I have also met some of my idols in the tech works in these craft conferences, explaining why I never like missing any of them. I will attend many more while working here or through personal arrangements. Every software technician should definitely try these conferences.
18. Have You Ever Taken An Initiative?
Yes. I normally love taking the initiative, especially when everyone else seems to question themselves. I once offered to be a software development team leader after the leader at the time left work abruptly. I organized the team, did my part while supervising them, checked progress and ensured that they adhered to the best software development practices. We met the deadlines we had originally set and registered an excellent performance. I am glad I took the initiative since I got a chance to prove myself and qualify for more responsibilities.
19. How Do You Normally Balance Your Workload?
I have never had a problem balancing my workload, given that I give all my tasks undivided attention. At the beginning of each day, I prepare a to-do list where I list out everything that needs my attention before embarking on them based on their urgency and deadlines. My experience in this field has also taught me how to multitask without compromising on quality, which comes in handy when faced with a huge workload. I am positive that I will perfectly handle all the tasks and responsibilities I will be mandated within this institution. I am definitely looking forward to working here.
20. Why Did You, Change Jobs? Do You Believe This Is The Best Place To Advance Your Career?
I served my former company for five years in the same position. Even though I had lots of experiences that have positively shaped how I do my work, I wanted to advance in my career. I, therefore, took a bold step and allowed someone to also benefit from the position as I looked for a new venture. In the second part of the question, I am confident that this is the best place to advance my career. You have a team of highly experienced professionals who I’d love to work with. I am positive that the experiences I will get here will shape me into a better professional.
21. Tell Us About Something That Is Not Captured In Your Resume
Even though my resume is quite detailed, I did not mention that I first worked as a supermarket attendant to raise money for upkeep during my college days. I would report to work for four hours after my classes and then go back to the hostel to sleep or read. I am glad I worked in such a setting, improving my interpersonal skills.
22. As An Incoming Product Manager, What Are Some Of The Best Product Launching Ideas You Have?
I have successfully launched several products in my former workplaces and therefore obtained several great ideas I would love to share with you. When launching products, it is important to focus on people rather than the products, meaning that the launch should benefit the crowd. Launching a teaser campaign on social media before the product launch is also necessary as it gets people ahead of the launch. I also usually make use of influencer marketing.
23. Have You Ever Had To Resolve A Conflict In Your Workplace?
Yes. I had to resolve several conflicts in my former workplace, which is normal in team settings. In one that almost ended in a fist fight, I arranged a sit-down with the two parties and acted as a mediator, giving them time to tell their sides of the story and preventing any emotional outbursts. Afterward, I suggested some of the solutions they could pursue, and together, they settled on the best. Everyone left the meeting smiling, which was a show of success.
24. What Are Some Of Your Professional Goals?
I want to be a professional developer in the next ten years, which explains why I am working extra hard. I am still relatively new to the software industry but currently focusing my energy on obtaining the relevant experiences and skills to help me rise faster into senior development. I also plan to get a mentor to help me adapt well to this industry and expose me to all the ins and outs of software development. I am confident that I will succeed if I continue trying and learning from those around me.
25. What Made You Join This Field?
I am a problem solver. I normally love finding solutions to challenges or improving on the available solutions. Therefore, I knew that I would thrive in software development. I love creating a product targeting different problems or finding and fixing bugs in existing products. I pursued my passion, and therefore, I have never struggled with motivation. I am willing to work hard and give my best at this institution in pursuit of my passion.
These are some of the commonly asked questions in Karat interviews. Ensure that you have the answers at your fingertips to increase your chances of landing the job of your choice. Also, ensure that you keep reading our articles in case you need a career change at some point. We wish you all the best!