Top 25 Adobe AEM Interview Questions and Answers in 2024

Editorial Team

Adobe AEM Interview

Adobe Experience Manager is a content management system developed by Adobe Inc. As digital marketing expands, AEM roles become more prevalent and in demand. If you’re seeking employment in this industry, these AEM interview questions and answers can help you prepare effectively. This article lists the top 25 AEM interview questions and answers to assist with preparation. The following are the questions:

1. What Do You Understand AEM To Be?

Adobe Experience Manager is a content management system developed by Adobe that helps manage and optimize content for constructing websites, pages, forms, and applications.

AEM is a central workstation for the creative teams and streamlines their daily operations. Organizations may simplify digital asset management with AEM’s document management, social interaction, community portals, and user-generated content management choices. AEM reduces reliance on third-party services in addition to being cost-effective, as many functionalities are available within the Adobe Experience Cloud.

2. In AEM, What Exactly Is The Function Of A Dispatcher?

AEM’s caching and load-balancing features are dispatchers. They seek to cache as much content as possible to reduce the need to consult the layout engine. As dispatchers cache pages and content, they contribute to the AEM server’s defense against attacks.

Dispatchers also assist in distributing the website’s computational burden among multiple instances of AEM. Using dispatchers for load balancing boosts processing power by distributing document requests across numerous cases of AEM, hence increasing fail-safe coverage.

3. What Are Some Of AEM’s Most Useful Features That Make It The Product Of Choice For Many Industry Professionals?

Many experts choose AEM for content management since it integrates with Adobe products and services. Other useful AEM characteristics include the following:

  • It is simpler to navigate the web page’s various pages, assets, templates, and elements.
  • The new version of AEM integrates with Livefyre to improve content creation and social media marketing.
  • It offers a standardized User Interface that enables enhanced customization for all users.
  • Numerous capabilities of the new template editor allow users to design and manage their customized templates. With the help of HTML 5’s drag-and-drop feature, the process of creating forms is simplified.
  • Multi-Site Manager enables the seamless launch of worldwide internet campaigns, which can benefit international brands.

4. What Exactly Is Adobe’s Marketing Cloud, Though?

It is a platform given by Adobe, one of the digital marketing industry’s leaders. Adobe Marketing Cloud is a well-liked Adobe Web Analytics software that combines a robust creative capacity with freshly created marketing capabilities. It is a completely integrated, all-in-one marketing suite for optimizing and measuring the campaigns and results of various scales and industries’ marketing success and growth. Additionally, it facilitates the management of mobile, search, movement, content, social, and email marketing.

5. What Do You Think DAM Renditions Means?

DAM enables users to generate picture variants, such as several sizes and versions of the same asset. We can incorporate these renditions into the content of our website, which is useful when creating thumbnails or more petite views of large, high-resolution photographs.

This capability becomes crucial when designing webpages for several devices with variable internet bandwidth constraints. To make our website load faster, we must reduce the file sizes that site visitors must download. Additionally, it enhances search engine optimization and user experience.

6. Why Do You Believe A Content Management System Is Necessary?

A content management system (CMS) is software used to create and manage websites and documents. Due to the dynamic nature of many websites, we must update their content frequently. Therefore, we must employ a content management system to handle these adjustments efficiently and keep track of the changes. Adobe Content Management System is one of the many Content Management System (CMS) providers.

7. In Your Opinion, What Is The Difference Between Design Dialog And Edit Dialog?

Design Dialog and Edit Dialog are utilized to define the user interface and allow the user to configure the component.

In the design mode of the page, we can view or modify the Design Dialog of a component. All template pages will share the same design dialogue and be placed in the designs folder.

On the other hand, the edit dialog of a component is page-level, meaning that each component instance will have its discussion and information entered into it. It is kept within the content folder.

8. What Actions Are Possible With AEM Packages?

The following are examples of actions that we can perform with Packages in AEM:

  • Reconstructing existing packages
  • Downloading Adobe Experience Manager packages to our file system
  • Deploying packages from the file system to local AEM instances.
  • Verifying package contents before installation
  • Installing and removing packages
  • Creating new packages and parameterization
  • Creating packages
  • Sampling packages
  • Exploring package contents
  • Viewing package specifics
  • Making modifications to current packages
  • Rewrapping products

9. What, In Your Opinion, Is The Distinction Between Adaptive Form And Adaptive Documents?

Adaptive forms enable end-users to complete the form by dividing it into logical portions. We typically use Adaptive Forms when we require user input. On the other hand, we use Adaptive Documents to show output to end-users. For instance, a bank statement is an adaptive document because its content does not change, simply the name and amount. Adaptive Documents use placeholder text, which we dynamically populate during runtime.

10. What Technology Stack Does AEM Employ?

AEM or the CQ5 technology stack utilizes three technologies predominately. These technologies include the following:

  • Apache Sling is a RESTful framework for accessing a JCR through the HTTP protocol that maps request URLs to JCR nodes.
  • The OSGi architecture for Java-based application development allows any module or bundle to stop and start independently.
  • JCR, or the Java Content Repository, is the third technological stack that permits access to Java content without physical implementation.

11. Describe The Components In AEM  Referred To As The Overlay.

An overlay is modifying an existing function by redefinition and modification. By changing the current component of the foundation, we can create a component that meets the specified requirements. Using the overlay or override component, we can add additional functionality and modify its instances while working with pre-built components. It prevents the need to rewrite the original code each time and allows us to incorporate the needed functionality without creating a new component.

12. According To You, What Is The Differentiate Between The Author And The Published Environment?

 Typically, AEM runs in two instances in a production environment. The author’s example and the published example are two examples. Typically, these two samples are stored in separate environments. We register and administer website content in the author instance. Here is where we also administer the website. Usually, the author’s environment is maintained behind a firewall. In the publish instance, we make our work accessible to our specified audience. The publishing environment is typically retained in a demilitarized zone.

13. What Do AEM Connectors Entail?

The AEM connector enables organizations to scan and publish their websites and digital assets to existing search engines from within an AEM server.  It reduces the AEM server’s processing load and provides a range of fundamental to advanced search capabilities.

The throttling tools and methods restrict the number of requests performed in a certain period. It allows the connection to send numerous queries to the AEM server without compromising its performance or availability. It allows restricted individuals and groups to see documents securely.

14. What Is The Optimal Method For Loading Digital Content Into The DAM?

The graphical user interface or WebDav access can add digital assets to the DAM. If we use the graphical user interface, we need to navigate to the files we wish to upload, and CQ will generate metadata for them in the DAM folder. WebDAV is a set of extensions to the Hypertext Transfer Protocol. HTP enables user agents to write content directly in an HTTP web server by providing concurrency control and namespace operations. As a result, it allows us to view the Web as an editable, collaborative medium instead of a read-only medium.

15. In Your Opinion, What Is Reverse Replication, And How Does It Operate?

Reverse replication is transferring content from the publish environment to the author environment. We need a reverse replication agent on the author instance that can retrieve content from the publish environment’s outbox to accomplish this.

We use Publish instances in reverse replication. The reverse replication agent stores user information in the “outbox.” A second agent matching agent exists in the author instance and routinely polls data from publish. If it discovers data in the outbox of the publish instance, synchronization occurs with the author instance. It allows for the management of data synchronization between publisher and author.

16. In Your Opinion, What Is The Purpose Of The Multi-Site Manager In AEM?

The AEM Multi-Site Manager is an advanced functionality that enables enterprises to create and manage sites for several countries, marketplaces, and regions utilizing the same or distinct content.

The multi-site manager enables AEM developers to build a replica of an existing site, which is automatically updated whenever the source site is modified.

The following are some benefits of utilizing MSM:

  • Significantly reduces the time required to operate websites and increases the reuse of shared content.
  • Manage the appearance and feel of many websites.
  • Facilitates the management of multiple websites that share the same content.
  • Developers may quickly build relationships between sites to make changes reflected across all areas.

17. Define Replication Agents And Explain Why They Are Helpful.

Replication agents distribute an author’s content to a publish environment. In addition, they explicitly clear the dispatcher cache and restore user input from the publish to the author’s environment, which is under the author’s control. In reverse replication, an agent from the publish environment refers to the author’s environment. If AEM replication fails, the author can enter /etc/replication/ to examine the pending replication.

18. What Exactly Are AEM Brackets Extension

The AEM Brackets Extension offers a streamlined process for editing AEM components and client libraries. It is achieved by using the capability of the Brackets code editor, which grants access to Photoshop files and layers from within the code editor. The extension’s simple synchronization boosts developer productivity and enables front-end developers with modest AEM expertise to join projects. This extension also offers support for the HTML Template Language, removing the complexities of JSP to make component development more straightforward and safer.

19. What Is Sitecore Content Management System?

Sitecore CMS is one of the central ASP.NET-based enterprise-level content management systems. It enables web content editors and marketers to have complete control over every area of their website, including social integration, blog articles, advanced personalization, eCommerce, and more. Numerous businesses utilize this industry-leading digital experience software to create seamless, individualized digital experiences worldwide. It is a platform powered CMS, commerce, and digital marketing tools.

20. Can A Page Be Created Without Utilizing A Template?

When creating a page in the website console, a page template is typically selected. It is possible to make a page manually using the same settings in the website interface. First, a node with the type “CQ: page” is created in crxde and saved. Then, a child node with the class “CQ: Page content” is added to the tree. Then, we can make the necessary alterations to display whatever website components we desire.

21. Describe The Lifespan Of An OSGI Package.

The OSGi Life-cycle consists of the subsequent steps:

  • Installed – The bundle has been installed in the OSGi container, but not all of its dependencies have been satisfied.
  • Resolved- The bundle has been installed, and the OSGi system has connected all class-level dependencies and ensured they are all fixed.
  • Starting – A transitory state the bundle enters when starting after all dependencies have been satisfied.
  • Active – The bundle is in operation
  • Stopping – A state that the bundle temporarily enters while preparing to stop.
  • Uninstalled- The package has been uninstalled from the OSGi container.

22. What Are Client Libraries In AEM?

Client-side processing, enabled by sophisticated JavaScript and CSS code, is commonly employed on contemporary websites. Organizing and enhancing the servicing of the code might be challenging.AEM’s Client-side Library Folders can assist with this issue. These folders enable you to store client-side code in the repository, organize it into categories, and control when and how r to deliver each client type.

The client-side library system subsequently generates the links necessary to load the proper code on the final webpage. The AEM client library’s responsibility is to manage all Javascript, client-side code, and CSS resources, such as images and fonts. It facilitates the management of resources and code, debugging, merging, and optimization.

23. What Exactly Do We Mean When We Talk About AEM Testing?

 AEM provides the Bobcat testing framework for automating User Interface testing. It is an open-source test automation framework for web application functional testing. It enables the user to develop and execute UI tests in the browser directly. AEM testing employs a JavaScript-based testing library or framework. The primary reason for creating the framework was to test AEM during development. It is now publicly accessible to the general public for testing AEM apps.

24. What Advantages Does AEM CMS Have Over Other CMS Available In The Market?

The following are the advantages of AEM CMS  over other CMSs:

  • It supports integration with Adobe’s other products, unlike other content management systems.
  • Unlike other content management systems, AEM can generate digital experiences tailored to a particular user.
  • AEM delivers capabilities that are the best in class.
  • AEM has processes to control material in the CMS, search queries, social collaboration, content tagging, and an intuitive method for managing digital content.
  • AEM also facilitates the management of mobile applications, mobile websites, e-commerce, and marketing campaigns.
  • AEM allows users to act effectively and efficiently manage digital information.
  • AEM offers an exceptional solution for managing mobile applications, websites, eCommerce, and marketing campaigns.

25. What Are The Essential Benefits And Limits Of AEM?

Among the benefits of AEM are the following:

  • It offers a standardized User Interface that enables enhanced customization for all users.
  • It is simpler to navigate the web page’s various pages, assets, templates, and elements.
  • AEM is a component of Adobe Marketing Cloud, a comprehensive marketing solution.
  • Numerous capabilities of the new template editor allow users to design and manage their customized templates.
  • The AEM DAM is a valuable tool that facilitates the management of various website assets.

Among AEM’s limitations are the following:

  • The AEM software has some bugs.
  • It is not easily compatible with all systems; therefore, it is necessary to examine the prerequisites.
  • It incorporates various digital marketing tools, so it requires a certain level of expertise to run.


As a result of digitization, demand is growing for digital content management systems such as AEM. The increased usage of AEM tools has led to the creation of more job positions for qualified candidates. Numerous marketers and other IT enthusiasts are now familiar with the Adobe Experience Manager domain. Suppose you, too, are interested in establishing a reputation for yourself in this field. In that case, the AEM interview questions above will significantly assist you while participating in the job interview. We hope that this article was helpful to you and that you will be able to secure that job chance and advance your career.