Collins Aerospace is an American technology corporation and one of the largest aerospace and defense technology suppliers. The company develops and manufactures mobile satellite communication equipment and provides related services. From time to time, this company seeks potential employees to fill new or vacant positions.
If you want to work in this company, you will likely go through an interview process. This article covers Collins Aerospace interview questions that are common during interviews. To help you prepare, we have included a sample answer for each question.
1. Why Do You Want To Work In This Company?
Over the past five years, I constantly desired to work in your company. No doubt that Collins Aerospace is a leader in aerospace and defense technology. You have a reputation for developing high-quality products that have helped your customers to enhance their service. These are some key reasons I want to work in Collins Aerospace. Besides, I have the expertise and skills necessary to work in such a reputable company.
2. Briefly Summarize Your Work Experience
I have over five years of combined experience working with two technology companies that serve the aerospace and defense industry. During my tenure as a developer at the two companies, I collaborated with other developers and colleagues to create practical solutions for the industry. I leveraged the expertise I have gained over the years to analyze situations, make informed decisions, and correct faults. With my experience, I have what it takes to contribute significantly to this company.
3. Are You A Team Player?
Yes, I work well not only individually but also in a team. I get along well with colleagues, and I enjoy working with others. Also, I respect my team members, including their opinions. As a team member, I contribute effectively to ensure the team achieves its goals and targets. During my previous role, I was an active member of a team. I encouraged my team members and shared my expertise and experience in areas I was most familiar with. Collectively, we made a remarkable achievement that helped to enhance revenue across the company.
4. We Have A Company Practice Of Working With Scrum. Are You Familiar With It?
Previously, I have worked in both Kanban and Scrum environments. So, I am familiar with Scrum, including the benefit of using this method. In my last role, I was involved in implementing Scrum into the everyday workflow of my former company. Scrum provided flexibility while facilitating timely project completion. I will use my Scrum skills and experience to help Collins Aerospace develop effective solutions.
5. How Can The Design Of A Spacecraft Be Improved To Make It More Efficient?
One can make improvements by focusing on materials, propulsion, and aerodynamics. One of the ways to improve aerodynamic performance is by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. These help to perform analysis and identify features producing drag. Ion engines and electric thrusters are some of the advanced propulsion systems that can help to increase efficiency. Then, using composite materials aids in reducing the entire weight of the craft and, at the same time, maintaining the integrity of its structure. It is crucial to use durable and lightweight materials which tolerate harsh environments.
6. What Does Aerostructure Mean?
An aerostructure refers to an airframe component of an aircraft. The component may be a part of the flight control surface, wing, fuselage or all these parts. Companies in the aerospace and defense industry design and manufacture these parts or products. They also develop other particular or minor elements such as doors, empennage, specialized flight structure, and naval composite structure. This company develops rigid aerospace tubular systems, among other aerostructures.
7. When Designing A Spacecraft, What Steps Are Followed To Determine Its Shape And Size?
The first thing is to assess the performance parameters in the mission requirements of the new spacecraft. These include altitude, speed, range, and payload capacity. Next, engineering principles are used to create an optimal design which meets the mission requirements. After that, one should analyze structural loads to determine the structure’s stiffness and strength. That way, knowing the necessary materials and the best way to arrange them is easy. Lastly, applying aerodynamic principles helps optimize the spacecraft’s shape for optimal efficiency.
8. What Would You Do If You Identify Design Flaws In An Aerospace Product?
The first thing I would do is examine the situation to know the gravity of the fault. If it is minor, I will engage my team to develop and implement a solution efficiently and quickly. But if the fault is severe, I would communicate the problem to relevant individuals and engage them in coming up with a solution. In addition, I would convey any related risks to other appropriate parties. I would involve others in developing a plan to rectify the current fault.
9. How Would You Troubleshoot Issues With Designed Spacecraft?
The first thing is to identify the problem. After identifying the root cause, the next step is to create a plan to reduce the fault. That should happen without delaying the scheduled launch. In addition, further tests and simulations on the design should be conducted to guarantee the proper working of the space vehicle. The last step would be to verify the results and implement changes without interfering with the launch time.
10. Describe Lift Augmentation System As Used In Aerospace
This is a device fitted on the wings of airspace that increases lift at a certain speed. Because it lowers the stall speed, it is beneficial at a low speed. Helping the craft to move at a slower pace. There are both mobile and fixed lift augmentation devices. When fixed, they enable short takeoff and landing for the aircraft, which decreases the flying speed. On the other hand, a mobile device aids before landing and before takeoff.
11. Why Is Working In Aerospace Industry Considered Challenging?
This perception is based on the fact that this industry requires a broad understanding of several disciplines. Designing and building aircraft require the application of mathematics, physics, and material science. The field also calls for a strong knowledge of flight mechanics, avionics, structures, propulsion, and aerodynamics. Besides, one should stay informed about new regulations and technological advances. I have what it takes to work effectively in this industry.
12. What Does Aerospace Technology Involve?
Aerospace technology basically involves any machine that can fly. Whether the flight remains within earth’s atmosphere or departs from earth’s gravity field for orbital, suborbital, or even deep space missions, all of the crafts, including the devices and systems that drive, control, and power them make use of aerospace technology.
13. What Is Decarbonization? How Can Players In Aerospace And Defense Achieve It?
Decarbonization refers to lowering carbon intensity or the volume of greenhouse gas emissions that result from burning fossil fuels. Typically, this entails reducing carbon dioxide emissions per unit of produced power. It involves lowering emissions that manufacturing facilities make either directly or indirectly. Over the years, decarbonization has been a growing trend. To address this challenge, aerospace and defense firms should use the most recent technology and concentrate on operational and technological enhancements. Doing that will help them to enhance product design and engineering. Further, they should use sustainable alternative materials and blend innovative technologies with green energy. Therefore, emerging technologies, including electric propulsion and sustainable aviation fuels, can help companies reduce their carbon dioxide emissions for aerospace and defense products.
14. What Are The Benefits Of Using Addictive Manufacturing Technology In Making Aerospace And Defense Products?
Additive manufacturing is a powerful technology that has transformed business models and production methods in various industries, including aerospace and defense. Applications for additive manufacturing have exploded over the past several years as its benefits have become more apparent. Integrating cutting-edge technology with added advantages could be a practical choice for every manufacturing line. Addictive manufacturing shortens the development process and the time of getting products to the market. It empowers companies to design complex geometries without inflating production costs. Moreover, it promotes on-site and on-demand spare manufacturing. Unlike the time-consuming traditional production process, addictive manufacturing provides higher efficiency.
15. How Is The Internet Of Things (IoT) Employed In The Aerospace And Defense Industry?
Both aircraft and spacecraft experience extreme pressures while in operation, and strict safety requirements make maintenance a continual concern. Because it takes a lot of time and accuracy to manually analyze and diagnose each system and piece of equipment, the Internet of Things (IoT) is one innovation that aerospace organizations are leaning towards. Predictive maintenance of aviation components and equipment is a significant focus of IoT adoption by aerospace firms. It is possible to spot unstable or broken components before they fail by analyzing data from a variety of small sensors that are mounted to different sections of an aircraft. Thus, IoT aids in defusing potentially dangerous and complex situations.
16. What Is Binder Jetting Used In The Aerospace And Defense Industry?
Binder jetting is one of the additive manufacturing methods that involves depositing a liquid binding agent selectively upon a thin layer of particles, such as metal, ceramics, and foundry sand, to create high-value parts and equipment. The technique is performed layer by layer, similar to printing on paper, utilizing a map until the product is complete. Binder jetting stands out among 3D printing processes due to its high speeds and material versatility as a technology that has the potential to alter traditional high-volume production. It can bring the design, cost, and sustainability benefits of 3D printing to the masses.
17. How Is AI Transforming The Aerospace And Defense Industry?
Businesses employ AI technology on a daily basis in a variety of interesting ways. Firms in the aerospace and military industry use artificial intelligence to manage maintenance, including scheduling repairs and ordering parts in advance. By leveraging recorded data to optimize fuel usage during the most demanding sections of a flight and even building bespoke profiles depending on aircraft and other factors, aerospace firms are employing AI to increase fuel economy. They also use AI to communicate with consumers, learn about their problems, and provide solutions by getting in touch with the appropriate parties or completing the appropriate forms without requiring human assistance.
18. Why Is Crisis Management Important In The Aerospace And Defense Industry?
Crisis management activities and procedures assist companies in aerospace and defense in analyzing and comprehending situations that might cause a crisis or create uncertainty. Managers may develop ways to get out of unclear situations and choose their future course of action with the aid of crisis management. The use of crisis management enables managers to recognize crises at their earliest stages, alert staff to potential consequences, and take the appropriate preventative measures. Crisis management equips people with the confidence and resolve needed to tackle unforeseen changes and challenging circumstances inside the company.
19. Differentiate Aerospace From Aviation
Aerospace refers to the engineering and science of flying in the atmosphere of the earth and that of the surrounding space. There are two primary subfields of aerospace: aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Practically speaking, the aerospace industry is involved in designing, producing, and maintaining airplanes and spacecraft. On the other hand, aviation deals with mechanical flight. It encompasses everything connected to airplanes within the atmosphere of the earth. The management of air traffic, aircraft operation, commercial or military aircraft design and maintenance are the key areas of focus in aviation.
20. Is Aeronautical And Aerospace Engineering The Same?
The common misconception is that these two concepts are the same. But the truth is that they are different because aerospace is broader than aeronautical. For example, aeronautical engineers mainly explore planes, helicopters, and drones operating within the earth’s atmosphere. But aerospace engineers focus on developing crafts within the earth’s atmosphere and the outside space.
21. Are You Familiar With The Elements Of Aerospace Engineering?
Aerospace engineering has various elements. Some of these are astrodynamics, electrotechnology, aircraft structures, aeroelasticity, fluid mechanics, and control engineering. Other elements include avionics, radar cross-section, flight testing, noise control, and avionics.
22. What Is Green Aviation?
Green aviation refers to the technology that seeks to address environmental issues associated with aircraft design and operations. This is especially gas emissions such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, or other harmful emissions. When aircraft are flying, they burn fuel and, as a result, release carbon dioxide, sulfate, nitrous oxide, and suit. It is this issue that green aviation efforts seek to address. Green aviation also includes efforts to reduce noise pollution. These efforts seek to reduce emissions as much as possible and, on the other hand, increase the efficiency of aircraft.
23. What Is Structural Health Monitoring Used In Aerospace Industry?
Structural health monitoring involves observation and analysis of aircraft systems that are performed over time. The material and geometric features of engineering structures are tracked using sampled reaction measurements periodically. The output of this procedure for long-term structural health monitoring is routinely updated information on the ability of the structure to carry out its intended function in light of the unavoidable aging and degradation brought on by operating settings. Structural health monitoring aims to assess changes in the geometric and material properties of aircraft and other engineering structures. This is important because aircraft accidents involve catastrophic failures that can cause huge life loss, and this makes structural health monitoring very important in the industry. Monitoring the structural health of aircraft involves embedding sensors that collect data for structure assessment.
24. What Are The Critical Requirements For Aerospace Materials?
The choice of aerospace materials influences many aspects of aircraft performance, from the design stage to disposal. These include safety and reliability, flight performance, structural efficiency, disposability, recyclability, lifecycle cost, energy consumption, and payload. Commercial aspects, like cost, servicing, and manufacturability, are crucial requirements for aerospace structural materials. Others are oxide resistance, high corrosion, high thermal stability, low density, damage tolerance, fatigue durability, and stiffness.
High-strength steels, composites, titanium alloys, and aluminum alloys are the most common structural materials in commercial aerospace. A large amount of the structural weight in aircraft is still made up of aluminum alloys, despite growing interest in high-performance composites like carbon fiber. Advanced aluminum alloys are a preferred option of lightweight materials in many aircraft structural applications due to their relatively high specific and stiffness strength, outstanding oxidation resistance, affordability, and great manufacturability and dependability.
25. Describe The Difference Between Fluid Mechanics And Fluid Dynamics
Fluid mechanics focus on the forces acting on and within fluids. It has uses in many fields, including aerospace, civil, chemical, and biomedical engineering. On the other hand, fluid dynamics is the study of how forces affect fluid motion, while fluid statics is the study of fluids at rest. It is a subfield of continuum mechanics, a field that describes matter from a macroscopic perspective rather than a microscopic one and does so without employing the knowledge that matter is composed of atoms.
Study and practice these questions and answers to prepare adequately for your forthcoming interview with Collins Aerospace. Ensure to customize your answers to fit your specific experience, skills, and expertise. During your interview, respond to each question boldly to impress your interviewers and increase their chances of winning the job.